Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT)
Vestibular (inner) function is largely reflex and unconscious, but it plays a vital role in our existence; it controls our sense of movement and balance. It also adjusts our heart rate and blood pressure, immune responses and arousal. Smell, taste and touch are the only senses not affected by the vestibular system.
People with vestibular disorders often experience problems with balance and position or movement-related dizziness as well as such secondary symptoms as decreased strength, lost range of motion, and increased tension (particularly in the cervical and shoulder region), leading to muscle fatigue and headaches.
Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) is a specialized form of therapy designed to alleviate both primary and secondary symptoms of vestibular disorders. It is an exercise-based program for eliminating or significantly reducing the symptoms of disequilibrium and dizziness associated with vestibular disorders by promoting central nervous system compensation for inner-ear defects.
Clinical evidence shows VRT exercises to be effective in reducing the symptoms of many types of vestibular disorders, including symptoms that follow certain corrective surgical procedures.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV (the sudden sensation that you're spinning or that the inside of your head is spinning) is one of most common vestibular disorders. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is usually triggered by specific changes in the position of your head. This might occur when you tip your head up or down, when you lie down, or when you turn over or sit up in bed. This problem is bothersome, but rarely serious, except when it increases the chance of falls. BPPV is treated using canalith-repositioning maneuvers (a series of head maneuvers that move displaced calcium carbonate crystals out of one of the semicircular canals of the inner ear).